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Bara - Hebrew

Supplementary  to  papers:

         The  Ultimate  Purpose  of  Stewardship

and

        Why  Did  God  Create?’

 

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BARA  - ‘Created’   means   ‘Separated’  -  ברא  - webassets/Bara-jpeg.jpg

Pronunciation  -  'baw-raw'    means    'Separate'    -  Modern Hebrew   -   Proto-Sinaitic


 
“To separate ( a space )” better fits scriptural contexts and describes all verb tenses.  
          
Scriptural examples begin on  page 2.
  

Example  of  alphabet  relationships – using  BaRA  -  ברא

Modern  Hebrew  /

|                 Proto-Sinaitic  -  picture means     -  concept of  /

|                 |                                                                     rotate or flip picture > Greek

|                 |                                                                                  |    (> Latin > English)

         \/                \/                                                                                  \/                        \/



ב
     B
EYT  /    webassets/Bet-jpeg.jpg  Bet       -   Tent  floorplan    -    house, family, in                /    Beta    -  Β  β       ( B )

ר
     R
EISH  /   webassets/Resh-jpeg.jpg    Resh   -     Head                  -  first, beginning, top         /     Rho    -  Ρ  ρ       ( R )

א
 A
LEPH  /    webassets/Aleph-jpeg.jpg   Al        -   Ox head              - strong, power, leader         /     Alpha  -  Α  α       ( A )

The early Al-bet is the basis of the modern Hebrew Aleph-beyt.  The Albet also became the Greek Alpha-beta and Latin > English Alpha-bet.



Other  major  verbs  of  creation   and  their  first  uses  in  Genesis:

Hayah – haw-yaw  - -  of being and state  -  e.g., Gen. 1:3 … Let there be light: …  /  Identity of God, Ex. 3:14  And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM ….

 Asah – aw-saw'  - -  to use existing material and make something from it, like fabrication when material goes into a factory and is fashioned into an item.  -  e.g., Gen. 1:7 And God made the firmament, ….”

Yatsar – yaw-tsar'  - -  to form, slowly and in several steps, usually over time.  A potter casting a pot; a baby formed in the womb.  e.g.,  Gen. 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, ….  Yatsar is not found in the first creation account with its day-by-day details.  This first use of yatsar in the Bible, at this verse, refers to all the creation process.
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Key  scriptural  examples  of  Bara   to  separate  ( a  space )  
       
 
Numbers are to Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon


Gen 1:1
In the beginning 07225 God 0430 created 01254  [et]0853 the heaven 08064 and [et]0853 the earth 0776.
Ø … God separated ….  Genesis 1:1–2 is a summary heading to the first story: summarizing and giving an initial setting, not creation.  First creation action is Gen 1:3,  “And God said, ‘Let there be light: and there was light.” ]
………….

Gen 2:4 These 0428 [are] the generations 08435 of the heavens 08064 and of the earth 0776 when they were created 01254 , in the day 03117 that the LORD 03068 God 0430 made 06213 the earth 0776 and the heavens 08064,
Ø … when they were separated01254 , in the day 03117 that the LORD 03068 God 0430 made asah06213 the earth and the heavens,  [ also note that ‘day’ is given meaning by its context.  Gen 2:4-6 is a summary heading to the second creation account.  This verse bridges between the first creation account of six creation days and the second account which details creation day six.  Note the ‘closure’ of ‘heavens – earth’, then ‘earth – heavens’. ]
………….

Jos 17:15 And Joshua 03091 answered 0559 them, If thou [be] a great 07227 people 05971, [then] get thee up 05927 to the wood 03293 [country], and cut down 01254 for thyself there in the land 0776 of the Perizzites 06522 and of the giants 07497, if mount 02022 Ephraim 0669 be too narrow 0213 for thee.
Ø and cut 01254 [ a space > or a grove ( of trees )]  ‘Cut’ is the intensive aspect of ‘separate’; in Hebrew, the piel aspect-voice.
………….

1Sa 2:29 Wherefore kick 01163 ye at my sacrifice 02077 and at mine offering 04503, which I have commanded 06680 [in my] habitation 04583; and honourest 03513 thy sons 01121 above me, to make yourselves fat 01254 with the chiefest 07225 of all the offerings 04503 of Israel 03478 my people 05971?
Ø make yourselves fat 01254  [  In this verse, “fat” in “to make yourselves fat” does not exist in Hebrew.  It is translation assumption.  Bara is “… to separate unto yourselves” from the chiefest of every offering …. ]
………….

Psa 51:10  Create 01254 in me a clean 02889 heart 03820, O God 0430; and renew 02318 a right 03559 spirit 07307 within 07130 me.
Ø Separate 01254 in me a clean 02889 heart 03820, O God 0430
………….

Psa 102:18  ThisH2063 shall be writtenH3789 for the generationH1755 to come:H314 and the peopleH5971 which shall be createdH1254 shall praiseH1984 the LORD.H3050

Ø  shall be separatedA lineage and continuance is inferred, and such is developed and separated from a past generation.  Similarly, Psalm 104:30 is about separating through means of a continuation of life.

………….

 Psa 104:30  Thou sendest 07971 forth thy spirit 07307, they are created 01254 : and thou renewest 02318 the face 06440 of the earth 0127.

Ø they are separated 01254 is a continuation of life, not ‘out-of-nothing’ life.  Like “the generation to come” of Psalm 102:18; renewal of the face of the earth comes from what is before.

See  Psa 102:18

See  Isaiah 41:19  - 20

………….

Isa 41:19  I will plantH5414 in the wildernessH4057 the cedar,H730 the shittah tree,H7848 and the myrtle,H1918 and the oilH8081 tree;H6086 I will setH7760 in the desertH6160 the fir tree,H1265 and the pine,H8410 and the box treeH8391 together:H3162

Isa 41:20  ThatH4616 they may see,H7200 and know,H3045 and consider,H7760 and understandH7919 together,H3162 thatH3588 the handH3027 of the LORDH3068 hath doneH6213 this,H2063 and the Holy OneH6918 of IsraelH3478 hath createdH1254 it.

“… the hand of the LORD ….” did not create these trees from ‘nothing’, but ‘separated a space’ with all these trees, so that Israel could know that He allowed them to exist in the land separated for them as they became prosperous.

………….

 

Isa 45:7  I form 03335 the light 0216, and create 01254 darkness 02822: I make 06213 peace 07965, and create 01254 evil 07451: I the LORD 03068 do 06213 all these [things].

Ø I ‘yatsar = form’ the light, andbara = separatethe darkness: I ‘asah = make’ peace, andbara = separateevil: I the LORDasah = makeall these [things].  (creation verbs are listed at bottom of first page)

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Isa 45:8  Drop down,H7491 ye heavens,H8064 from above,H4480 H4605 and let the skiesH7834 pour downH5140 righteousness:H6664 let the earthH776 open,H6605 and let them bring forthH6509 salvation,H3468 and let righteousnessH6666 spring upH6779 together;H3162 IH589 the LORDH3068 have createdH1254 it.

 ………….

 

Isa 45:12  IH595 have madeH6213 [asah] the earth,H776 and createdH1254 manH120 uponH5921 it: I,H589 even my hands,H3027 have stretched outH5186 [natah] the heavens,H8064 and allH3605 their hostH6635 have I commanded.H6680

 ………….

 

Isa 45:18  ForH3588 thusH3541 saithH559 the LORDH3068 that createdH1254 the heavens;H8064 GodH430 himselfH1931 that formedH3335 [yatsar] the earthH776 and madeH6213 it; heH1931 hath establishedH3559 it, he createdH1254 it notH3808 in vain,H8414 he formedH3335 it to be inhabited:H3427 IH589 am the LORD;H3068 and there is noneH369 else.H5750

Ø  separated the heavens – [the heavens, Hebrew ‘dual form’ means two heavens:  upper and lower, separated.  The firmament was divided to upper (not ‘above’) and lower not ‘under’), the called heavens (‘dual form’ plural:  ‘heavens’ not ‘heaven’).  The upper portion remained as stars and galaxies, and the lower heavens were gathered into one place to become earth and seas, Gen. 1:9 – 10.  This separation of the lower heavens to form the earth, taken from its preceding and formative heaven, fulfills the Genesis story ‘setting – header’ at Gen. 1:1 which uses ‘bara’ – ‘separated’ heavens and earth.  The process is corroborated by science today.

Ø  He separated it not in vain.

………….

Eze 21:19 Also, thou son 01121 of man 0120, appoint 07760 thee two 08147 ways 01870, that the sword 02719 of the king 04428 of Babylon 0894 may come 0935 : both twain 08147 shall come forth 03318 out of one 0259 land 0776: and choose 01254 thou a place 03027, choose 01254 [it] at the head 07218 of the way 01870 to the city 05892.
Ø and separate 01254 thou a place 03027, separate 01254 [it] at the head 07218[ In battle, the lead or ‘head’ of the army would ‘separate and clear a space’ from which to continue operations. ]

 Example references

 NIDOTT - New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis: Volume 1. 728-736. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, © 1997.
(H1343) \ Bara - ar:B;  \  partial point 3, commenting about past usage of bara as differently sourced, rather than same sourced with related differences of verb aspects.

 “On linguistic grounds, it appears that the opposition is not between two homographic roots ar:B; and ar:B;, but between ar:B; qal, niphal and ar:B; piel.
Since the niphal merely functions as passive to qal, the primary semantic opposition here is between qal (transitive), which emphasizes the subject’s action, and piel (resultative), which emphasizes the result of the subject’s action on the passive object or “undersubject” (IBHS 21.2.1-2; 24.3-3.1).”

…………….

Three of seven Hebrew verb forms affect consideration of bara
qal            (simple active),
niphal        (simple passive),

 piel           (intensive active)

 1Ellen Van Wolde and Robert Rezetko, “Semantics and the Semantics of bara—A Rejoinder to the Arguments Advanced by B. Becking and M. Korpel,”  The Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 11, Article 9.


Steve Huffey   Copyright ©  July 2015  P.O. Box 1381, Monrovia, Ca. 91017 

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